Low Back Pain & its Physiotherapy Management

How to tackle Low back pain?

The most prevalent cause of job-related impairment is LOW BACK PAIN. An injury, such as a sprain or strain, can induce low back pain (caused due to sudden movement or poor body mechanics while lifting a heavyweight). Aside from injuries, low back pain can be caused by disorders such as sciatica, arthritis, disc bulging, spinal stenosis, and spondylitis, among others. Low back discomfort is sometimes coupled with bowel or bladder control problems, groin numbness, leg weakness, and pain when coughing or peeing. If you have any of these symptoms, see a health care expert such as an orthopedic surgeon or physiotherapist.

Due to a sedentary lifestyle and wrong ergonomics of work, people put on weight and have a protruded stomach causing incorrect posture that will lead to overloading the lumbar spine and cause back pain.

Another cause could be-

lugging a heavy bag (purse, backpack, or briefcase) on a frequent basis Overdoing workout especially if you tend to be inactive the whole week and then spend hours at the gym or playing some sports on weekends.


Program for core strengthening (such as planks, side planks, reverse planks, Copenhagen planks, crunches, reverse crunches, leg raise, etc.).

Exercises for strengthening the lower back muscles (such as superman exercise, all four kickback exercises, prone lying leg raise exercises).

Cat and camel exercise.

Bridging for the strengthening of gluteal muscles.

McKenzie press-ups.

Exercising your limbs (such as hip flexor stretching, hamstring stretching, stretching of low back musculature).

Chiropractic and osteopathic treatment.

Manipulation & mobilization.

Deep tissue massage.

Muscle release therapy (manually or on a foam roller).

Dry needling.

Low-impact fitness routine to help you lose weight and enhance your heart function.

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ECSWT).

Super Inductive System (SIS).

And do modifications in lifestyle like eat less carbohydrate food, exercise regularly, maintain a healthy weight, lifting weight with your legs, but not with your back, modification in work station.

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