The most common types of wrist injuries are wrist sprain and carpal bone fracture.
The most frequent cause of wrist injuries are jerks and falls, sports such as contact sports/ collision sports.
How can you know that you have a wrist injury? You can have a wrist injury if you have wrist pain, restricted ROM, swelling, bruising, or lack of function.
You have to visit a hand & wrist specialist if you have a lack of wrist function, chronic pain, swelling, or deformity. So that your condition would not be getting worse.
At elite physiotherapy & sports injury centre we diagnose your wrist injury by taking a careful history, examination of each of the wrist’s bones and joints, examining the wrist’s tendon, and some investigation like- X-ray for bone, Ultrasound for the soft tissue image, etc.
Treatment option for wrist injuries includes simple strain- rest, icing, compression, elevation, analgesia, mobilization, etc., and rarely any wrist injury requires surgery.
Return to the activity or sports times can vary according to your condition
Physiotherapy for the wrist injury includes:
Cryotherapy- for pain & swelling reduction
Wrist joint mobilization- to increase joint ROM. Like inter-carpal joint mobilization, radio-carpal joint mobilization, & carpometacarpal joint mobilization, etc.
Grip strengthening exercise with- grip strength, ball squeeze, putty squeeze, & dumbbell, etc.
Wrist strengthening exercise- sit on the chair and keep your forearm supported with the chair itself or with a pillow, make the fist with your hand and go down (plantarflexion) as far as you comfortably can, and then come up (dorsiflexion).
Now maintain the same position as mentioned earlier but now do the side-to-side movement of the wrist (radial-ulnar deviation). Similarly, do wrist supination and pronation.
You can progress all the above exercises with the weight, thera band, resistance tube, etc., and gradually increase the load
Stretching of wrist muscle- be in the position mentioned earlier, forearm supported, and make a fist now do wrist plantar flexion, and with your other hand push your fist downward for stretching.
Similarly, now open the fist and do dorsiflexion, and with the other hand pull it toward you for stretching.
To prevent wrist injury- a physiotherapist will teach you the good technique of wrist technique to protect it from any collision injury, and also teach you the good technique to perform your respective task or sports. And prevent your wrist from an awkward position, especially when on load.