Spina ventosa is the name given to an uncommon type of tuberculosis that affects the hands and feet’s bones. The terms tuberculous osteomyelitis and tuberculous dactylitis are also occasionally used to describe it.
Spina ventosa is a condition in which the affected bone swells, deforms, and becomes hollow due to tuberculosis infection. Pain, restricted movement, and a higher risk of fracture can all be consequences of this. Although it most frequently affects youngsters but can affect anyone at any age.
Symptoms of spina ventosa:
Spina ventosa symptoms may vary depending on how severe and extensive the infection is. Symptoms may consist of:
- Pain and tenderness.
- Swelling and deformity.
- Limited range of motion and stiffness.
- In the surrounding skin, there is redness, warmth, and tenderness.
- The appearance of a lump or mass that can be felt
- increased the risk of fractures due to weak and deformed bones.
Physiotherapy treatment in spina ventosa:
Spina ventosa treatment plans often include physiotherapy, particularly when there is a restricted range of motion or joint stiffness. Physiotherapy for the spina ventosa aims to lessen pain, increase function and mobility, avoid deformity, and improve the general quality of life.
The following are some of the ways that physiotherapy can be used to treat spina ventosa:
- Range of motion exercises: Exercises may be suggested by the physiotherapist to assist increase the range of motion in the affected joints and reduce stiffness.
- Passive range of motion exercises: In these exercises, the patient is allowed to relax while the therapist moves the injured joint through its full range of motion. This can aid in easing joint stiffness and enhancing joint flexibility.
- Active range of motion exercises: In these exercises, the patient actively extends the range of motion of the injured joint. This can assist strengthen the supporting muscles and increase joint flexibility.
- Stretching exercises: Stretching exercises can help reduce stiffness and increase joint flexibility. To help increase joint mobility, this may involve stretching the muscles surrounding the injured joint or using stretching equipment.
- Joint mobilization exercises: Techniques for joint mobilization can assist in increasing joint mobility and decreasing joint stiffness. In order to move the joint through its full range of motion, the therapist may employ manual pressure or manipulation.
- Strengthening exercises: Exercises that increase muscle strength and stability can assist the injured joints by enhancing muscle strength and stability.
- Resistance training: The muscles around the injured joint are strengthened by utilizing weights, resistance bands, or other types of resistance.
- Isometric exercises: The affected joint is not moved during these workouts; instead, the muscles surrounding the affected joint are contracted. Strengthening and stabilizing muscles can be aided by this.
- Dynamic exercises: Dynamic exercises involve extending the range of motion of the injured joint while facing resistance. Joint stability and muscle strength may both benefit from this.
- Functional exercises: Exercises that imitate the patient’s daily activities are referred to as functional exercises. This can lessen the chance of suffering additional injuries while also improving overall functional abilities.
- Modalities: Pain, inflammation, and swelling can be reduced with modalities like heat therapy or cold therapy. The physiotherapist also uses the following modalities-
- Electrical stimulation: Pain can be reduced and muscle strength can be increased by electrical stimulation. Using a TENS machine, which sends electrical impulses to the affected area, or a neuromuscular electrical stimulation device, which can assist increase muscle strength and function, may be necessary for this.
- Ultrasound therapy: High-frequency sound waves are employed in this to increase blood flow, reduce inflammation, and accelerate recovery.
- There are various physiotherapy interventions that can be helpful in spina ventosa in addition to the strengthening exercises, modalities, and range-of-motion exercises.
- Posture correction: By improving posture, one can reduce the strain on the damaged joint and its supporting tissues as well as their susceptibility to abnormalities. A physiotherapist can instruct the patient in good postural alignment and body mechanics.
- Aerobic exercise: Walking, cycling, or swimming are examples of aerobic exercises that can assist improve cardiovascular health and general fitness while easing stress on the injured joint.
- Hydrotherapy: Exercises in a pool, which offer buoyancy and can lessen stress on the injured joint, are known as hydrotherapy. This may reduce pain and stiffness while increasing joint mobility.
We at Elite Physiotherapy and sports injury centre deals with various musculoskeletal, orthopedic, and sports injury. Do consult our physiotherapist today regarding your disability.