Cervical spondylosis neck pain elite physiotherapy and sports injury centre

Cervical Spondylosis (Neck Pain) and Its Physiotherapy Treatment

Cervical spondylosis

A degenerative condition that affects the neck vertebrae and the cushioning discs between them is cervical spondylosis, sometimes referred to as cervical osteoarthritis. Age-related moisture loss and decreased flexibility in the neck’s discs between vertebrae can lead them to shrink and squeeze the spinal cord’s nerves.

The majority of cases of cervical spondylosis occur in adults over the age of 50. However, it can also affect younger people, particularly those who have had prior neck injuries or who make repetitive motions that strain the neck. Surgery, medication, and physiotherapy are all possible treatments.

Causes of Cervical Spondylosis:

The primary cause of cervical spondylosis is the spine’s aging-related natural degeneration. It can arise as a result of changes to the spine that takes place with aging.

Some of the common causes and risk factors of cervical spondylosis include:

  1. Aging: It can occur as a result of the spine’s normal aging process.
  2. Repetitive strain: It is more likely to develop in certain jobs or activities that place repetitive strain on the neck, such as using a computer all day or participating in contact sports.
  3. Genetics: Cervical spondylosis may be genetically predisposed in some persons.
  4. Neck injuries: Cervical spondylosis risk might be increased by prior neck injuries, such as whiplash.
  5. Smoking: Cervical spondylosis risk is higher among smokers.
  6. Poor posture: Over time, poor posture can strain the neck and lead to the onset of cervical spondylosis.


Many symptoms, which can differ from person to person, can be brought on by cervical spondylosis. The following are some of the most typical signs:

  1. Neck pain: Neck pain is the most prevalent sign. It can be subtle or acute, and it may get worse with movement.
  2. Radiating pain: Pain can radiate down to the shoulder and arms.
  3. Stiffness: Another typical sign is stiffness in the neck, particularly after sleeping or sitting for extended periods.
  4. Headaches: Headaches, especially towards at the base of the skull.
  5. Numbness and tingling: Numbness and tingling in the arms, hands, and fingers can result from neck nerve compression.
  6. Muscle Weakness: In extreme cases, it makes the arms, hands, or legs weak.
  7. Loss of balance: Balance and coordination issues might result from severe cervical spondylosis.
  8. Difficulty with fine motor skills: Some patients could find it challenging to do fine motor tasks like buttoning a shirt or writing with a pen.

Physiotherapy Treatment:

Cervical spondylosis can be effectively treated with physiotherapy because it can reduce pain, promote mobility, and enhance the strength and flexibility of the neck and its surrounding muscles. These are a few physiotherapy methods for treating:

  1. Heat and cold therapy: Pain and inflammation can be reduced by applying heat or ice to the affected area.
  2. Manual therapy: Joint mobility can be increased and pain can be decreased using manual therapy techniques including mobilization and manipulation.
  3. Exercise therapy: To help increase the neck’s strength and flexibility, specific exercises can be suggested.
  4. Posture correction: Correcting posture with exercises and education can assist to reduce symptoms since poor posture is a contributing factor in the condition.
  5. Electrical stimulation: It is possible to utilize electrical stimulation to enhance muscle function and reduce pain.
  6. Traction: Traction can assist relieve pressure on the affected nerves and increase neck mobility.
  7. Therapeutic Modalities: Such as Ultrasound, Laser, SIS, and TECAR.
  8. Education: Patients can manage their disease and lower their risk of further damage by receiving education on ergonomics, lifestyle modifications, and self-management approaches.

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