Biceps tendinitis is a disorder that develops when the biceps tendon is injured or inflamed. The biceps tendon stabilizes and moves the arm by attaching the biceps muscle in the upper arm to the shoulder joint.
Overuse or repetitive motions, such as throwing a ball or lifting weights, can result in minor tears in the biceps tendon, which in turn can cause biceps tendinitis. Another factor that might lead to it is a traumatic injury, like a fall or a hit to the shoulder.
Biceps tendinitis symptoms can include popping or clicking sounds in the shoulder as well as soreness in the front of the shoulder that gets worse with overhead motions.
Rest, ice, physiotherapy, medication, and in extreme circumstances, surgery, are all possible treatments.
Biceps tendinitis can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
- Overuse or repetitive motions: Exercises that require repeated overhead arm movements, including lifting weights or throwing a ball, can tear the biceps tendon somewhat and eventually result in tendinitis.
- Age: Our tendons grow less elastic and more vulnerable to injury as we age.
- Trauma: Biceps tendinitis can also be brought on by a rapid fall or a direct hit to the shoulder.
- Poor posture: Bad posture can put the shoulder joint in an uncomfortable position, which puts more strain on the biceps tendon.
- Shoulder impingement syndrome: When the tendons and muscles in the shoulder are compressed or pinched, it can cause pain and inflammation.
- Rotator cuff injury: Biceps tendinitis can also be brought on by a tear or other damage to the rotator cuff muscles in the shoulder.
- Arthritis: Inflammation and injury to the tendons in the shoulder, especially the biceps tendon, can be brought on by arthritis.
The symptoms of biceps tendinitis may include:
- Pain: Pain in the front of the shoulder, which may be sharp or dull, is the most common symptom of biceps tendinitis. Moving the arm overhead, lifting or carrying heavy objects, or extending the arm may make the pain worse.
- Weakness: Weakness in the affected arm is also common with biceps tendinitis. Due to this weakness, it could be challenging to lift, carry, or engage in other tasks that need the affected arm.
- Popping or clicking sensation: When they move their arm, some people with biceps tendinitis may feel a popping or clicking sensation in their shoulder.
- Swelling: In some cases of biceps tendinitis, swelling in the front of the shoulder or upper arm may be seen.
- Tenderness: When the affected area is touched or squeezed, there may be tenderness in the front of the shoulder or upper arm.
- Stiffness: Stiffness is another typical sign of biceps tendinitis. It can make it difficult to move the arm and cause stiffness in the shoulder joint.
Physiotherapy Treatment of Biceps tendinitis:
Biceps tendinitis can be effectively treated with physiotherapy. The goals of physiotherapy are to reduce pain and inflammation, increase the strength and mobility of the shoulder joint, and avoid further damage. Biceps tendinitis is frequently treated with physiotherapy, which includes the following:
- Range-of-motion exercises: Range-of-motion exercises can assist to ease stiffness and increase the mobility of the shoulder joint.
- Strengthening exercises: These Exercises increase shoulder muscle strength and ease strain on the biceps tendon. Exercises might involve weights, resistance bands, or isometric movements.
- Manual treatment: Stretching, joint mobilization, and massage are examples of manual therapy procedures that can assist to ease discomfort and enhance shoulder joint mobility.
- Graston technique: The Graston Method is a manual therapy that involves massaging and applying pressure to the soft tissues surrounding the biceps tendon using specific equipment. This can ease muscle tension, break up scar tissue, and aid in the healing process.
- Ice or heat therapy: Heat or ice therapy might assist to relieve discomfort and swelling in the shoulder joint.
- Ultrasound therapy: Using sound waves to enter the tissues, ultrasound therapy can assist to reduce inflammation and encourage healing.
- Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS): TENS is a non-invasive treatment, that uses low-voltage electrical currents to stimulate the nerves and relieve pain and inflammation in the afflicted area.
- Taping or bracing: Bracing or taping may be used to support the injured area and reduce strain on the biceps tendon.
- Dry needling: Dry needling is the process of reducing muscle tension, enhancing blood flow, and promoting healing by inserting a small needle into trigger points in the affected muscle.
- Cupping therapy: Cupping therapy uses suction cups to loosen up tight muscles and encourage blood flow, which relieves pain and stiffness.
- Shock Wave Therapy: High-energy shock waves are used in shock wave therapy, a non-invasive procedure, to encourage healing and lessen pain and inflammation in the affected area.